Fish provide the world with about 6% of its total protein intake and 16% of its animal protein intake. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that nearly half a billion people in developing countries depend on fish as their primary source of animal protein.
Fish has become the world's most internationally traded food, with some 37% being exported (by volume). Aquaculture is a strong complement to the captured products, with more than 210 fish and aquatic plant species currently under production.
Developed countries account for about 82% of the total value of imported fish products, and fish consumption has increased in the United States and European Union in recent years. Japan, however, was the largest importer of fish and fish products in 2003, accounting for some 18% of the world import value. Besides being the world's fourth-largest exporting country, the United States was the second-largest importer, importing 17% of the global fish total.
In 2003, the E.U. further increased its dependency on imports for its fish supply by 10% since 2000. With imports of U.S. $4.9 billion, Spain was the world's third-largest importer of fish and fish products, followed by France ($3.8 billion), Italy ($3.5 billion), Germany ($2.7 billion), and the United Kingdom ($2.5 billion).
Fisheries and aquaculture have developed quickly worldwide over the last decades. The sectors increasingly recognize that good governance and responsible environmental policies present the only way toward seafood constituting a bigger share of our diets and thus further contributing to human health and well-being.
The Future of Food Production
The past few decades have ushered in new technologies that enhance the methods and capabilities of present-day food production and will certainly improve the accessibility of a variety of available and new foods in the future. These new technologies have permitted the raising of food products more efficiently and economically. The intensive production of food opens many new avenues and opportunities for profitable new food businesses.
The SAFE Technology
The technology proposed is in the forefront of automated high tech indoor re-circulating aquaculture systems that are efficient, economically viable and environmentally friendly.
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